Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Indian J Psychiatry. 1999 Oct;41(4):289-99.

The ongoing quest for sub-typing substance abuse : current status.

Author information

  • 1NITIN GUPTA, M.D., Senior Resident, Department of Psychiatry, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh-160 012.


Substance abuse is a heterogenous disorder that necessitates classification for purposes of evaluation and treatment. Although a large number of typologies have been generated, the research has mostly focussed on alcoholism. The typologies of 'age at onset' and Cloninger's Type 1/Type2' have been extensively researched even though there is a lack of adequate validation. The present review of various typologies focusses more on the conceptual and methodological issues. A critique of the typological work is presented; highlighting the paucity of Indian research in this important area of substance abuse.


Typology; alcoholism; classification; drug abuse

Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Medknow Publications and Media Pvt Ltd Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk