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Child Dev. 2011 May-Jun;82(3):967-81. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2011.01585.x. Epub 2011 Mar 23.

Can maltreated children inhibit true and false memories for emotional information?

Author information

  • 1Department of Psychology, Lancaster University, Lancaster, UK. mark.howe@lancaster.ac.uk


The authors examined 284 maltreated and nonmaltreated children's (6- to 12-year-olds) ability to inhibit true and false memories for neutral and emotional information using the Deese/Roediger-McDermott (DRM) paradigm. Children studied either emotional or neutral DRM lists in a control condition or were given directed-remembering or directed-forgetting instructions. The findings indicated that children, regardless of age and maltreatment status, could inhibit the output of true and false emotional information, although they did so less effectively than when they were inhibiting the output of neutral material. Verbal IQ was related to memory, but dissociative symptoms were not related to children's recollective ability. These findings add to the growing literature that shows more similarities among, than differences between, maltreated and nonmaltreated children's basic memory processes.

© 2011 The Authors. Child Development © 2011 Society for Research in Child Development, Inc.

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