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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1990 Jul 16;170(1):397-404.

Identity of a tumor cytotoxic factor from human fibroblasts and hepatocyte growth factor.

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  • 1Research Institute of Life Science, Snow Brand Milk Products, Co., Ltd., Tochigi, Japan.


Human embryonic lung diploid fibroblast, IMR-90 cells secreted a tumor cytotoxic factor. The fibroblast-derived tumor cytotoxic factor (F-TCF) has a cytotoxic activity to Sarcoma 180 and a cytostatic and degenerative activities to KB cells. F-TCF has been purified about 540,000-fold with 23.3% recovery from 75 liters of the conditioned medium containing 5% newborn calf serum. The purified F-TCF is a basic glycoprotein with isoelectric point values of 7.4 to 8.6. It was stable in the pH range from 6.0 to 9.0 and was stable at the heating temperature of 60 degrees C for 10 min, but completely inactivated by reducing it with 2-mercaptoethanol. F-TCF has molecular weight of 76 to 80 kD on SDS-PAGE under non-reducing conditions and is a heterodimer consisting of a large alpha subunit with 52 to 56 kD and a small beta subunit with 30 to 34 kD. F-TCF was identified as one of human hepatocyte growth factors by the physicochemical properties including N terminal and a few internal amino acid sequences. We have confirmed that F-TCF has an ability to dramatically stimulate DNA synthesis in adult rat hepatocytes in the low dose range of 1 to 10 ng/ml.

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