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Invest New Drugs. 2012 Jun;30(3):1088-95. doi: 10.1007/s10637-011-9653-1. Epub 2011 Mar 22.

A phase I trial of MK-0731, a kinesin spindle protein (KSP) inhibitor, in patients with solid tumors.

Author information

  • 1University of Wisconsin Carbone Cancer Center, 600 Highland Ave., Madison, WI 53792-5666, USA. kdh@medicine.wisc.edu

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The kinesin spindle protein (KSP) is essential for separation of spindle poles during mitosis. Its inhibition results in mitotic arrest. This phase I trial examined safety, tolerability, dose-limiting toxicity (DLT), maximum tolerated dose (MTD), pharmacokinetic parameters, and anti-tumor activity of MK-0731, a potent inhibitor of KSP.

EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN:

In part 1, patients with advanced solid tumors received MK-0731 intravenously over 24 h every 21 days starting at 6 mg/m(2), escalating until MTD was reached. In part 2, patients with taxane-resistant tumors received the MTD. Plasma samples were collected to analyze the pharmacokinetics of MK-0731. Tumor response was evaluated using Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) v1.0.

RESULTS:

In part 1, 21 patients (median age 63 years) were treated with MK-0731 at doses ranging from 6 to 48 mg/m(2)/24 h for median four cycles. The dose-limiting toxicity was neutropenia and the MTD was 17 mg/m(2)/24 h. At the MTD, AUC (±SD) was 10.5 (±7.3) μM × hour, clearance (±SD) was 153 mL/min (±84), and t(1/2) was 5.9 h. In part 2, 22 patients received the MTD and there were no DLTs. Although there were no objective tumor responses, four patients (with cervical, non-small cell lung, and ovarian cancers) had prolonged stable disease.

CONCLUSIONS:

MK-0731 at the MTD of 17 mg/m(2)/day every 21 days in patients with solid tumors had few grade 3 and 4 toxicities with the major DLTs at higher doses being myelosuppression. Anti-tumor efficacy was suggested by the length of stable disease in selected patients with taxane-resistant tumors.

PMID:
21424701
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3394096
Free PMC Article
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