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Eur J Immunol. 1990 Jun;20(6):1259-64.

Allergen-directed expression of Fc receptors for IgE (CD23) on human T lymphocytes is modulated by interleukin 4 and interferon-gamma.

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  • 1Institute for Immunology, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Munich, FRG.

Abstract

T lymphocytes bearing Fc receptors (FcR) for immunoglobulins are known to have immunoglobulin class-specific regulatory functions. Here we report that expression on T cells of the low-affinity FcR for IgE (Fc epsilon RII/CD23) is preferentially induced by stimulation with antigens that cause an IgE response. T cells from eight patients allergic to the hemoglobin of Chironomus thummi thummi mosquito larvae (CHIT I) were analyzed for reactivity with the anti-FcERII/CD23 monoclonal antibody (mAb) M-L25 under various conditions. No Fc epsilon RII/CD23+ T cells were observed among freshly isolated, resting peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). Stimulation of PBMC with CHIT I, however, induced a marked although transient Fc epsilon RII/CD23 expression on a large portion of the allergen-activated T lymphocytes. It reached a maximum of 37.2 +/- 4.6% Fc epsilon RII/CD23+ T cell blasts on day 5 of culture. The selectivity of this expression became evident when compared to non-allergenic control antigens: after stimulation of PBMC with tetanus toxoid or purified protein derivative from tuberculin a maximum of 4.6% +/- 1.4% and 4.2% +/- 1.1% T cell blasts was found to express Fc epsilon RII/CD23, respectively. Activation by an anti-CD3 mAb was insufficient to induce Fc epsilon RII/CD23 on T cells. The allergen-stimulated Fc epsilon RII/CD23+ T cells exclusively belonged to the CD4+CD29+ helper inducer T cell subset. Using a cDNA probe coding for the B cell Fc epsilon RII/CD23, Northern blot analysis revealed a 1.7-kb Fc epsilon RII/CD23 mRNA in extracts of highly purified allergen-stimulated T cells. It was of the same size as Fc epsilon RII/CD23 mRNA of the lymphoblastoid B cell line WI-L2. Of several cytokines tested [interleukin (IL) 1 to IL 6, interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), tumor necrosis factor-alpha] only IL 4 and IFN-gamma significantly modified allergen-induced Fc epsilon RII/CD23 expression on T cells. The latter was enhanced nearly twofold in the presence of IL 4, and was almost completely abrogated by IFN-gamma. IL 4, however, could not increase the number of Fc epsilon RII/CD23+ T lymphocytes either alone or in combination with an anti-CD3 mAb. Taken together, the selective induction of Fc epsilon RII/CD23 on T cells by allergen and its inclusion in the regulatory network of cytokines point to an important role of Fc epsilon RII/CD23+ T lymphocytes in the human IgE response.

PMID:
2142456
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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