Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
Reprod Sci. 2011 Sep;18(9):900-7. doi: 10.1177/1933719111398498. Epub 2011 Mar 18.

A mouse model of term chorioamnionitis: unraveling causes of adverse neurological outcomes.

Author information

  • 1Maternal and Child Health Research Program, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Center for Research on Reproduction and Women's Health, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. irina.burd@uphs.upenn.edu

Abstract

Maternal fever and/or chorioamnionitis at term are associated with an increased prevalence of adverse neurobehavioral outcomes in exposed offspring. Since the mechanisms of such injury are currently unknown, the objectives of this study were to elucidate whether intrauterine inflammation at term results in fetal brain injury. Specifically, we assessed brain injury by investigating the cytokine response, white matter damage, and neuronal injury and viability. A mouse model of intrauterine inflammation at term was utilized by injecting lipopolysaccharide (LPS), or normal saline into uterine horn. Compared to saline-exposed, LPS-exposed fetal brains had significantly increased IL-1β and IL-6 messenger RNA (mRNA) expression (P < .05 for both) and IL-6 protein levels by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA; P < 0.05). Fetal neurons were affected by the intrauterine and fetal brain inflammation, as demonstrated by significantly decreased microtubule-associated protein 2 (MAP2) mRNA expression and a decrease in immunocytochemical staining (a marker of neuronal cytoskeleton development; P < .05), altered neuronal morphology (P < 0.05), and delayed neurotoxicity (P < .05). These fetal neuronal changes occurred without overt changes in white matter damage markers. Marker of astrocyte development and astrogliosis (glial fibrillary acidic protein [GFAP]) did not show an increase; pro-oligodendrocyte marker (PLP1/DM20) was not significantly changed (P > .05). These studies may provide a critical mechanism for the observed long-term adverse neurobehavioral outcomes after exposure to chorioamnionitis at term.

PMID:
21421895
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3343123
Free PMC Article

Images from this publication.See all images (6)Free text

Figure 1.
Figure 2.
Figure 3.
Figure 4.
Figure 5.
Figure 6.
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk