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Biochim Biophys Acta. 2011 Jun;1813(6):1172-89. doi: 10.1016/j.bbamcr.2011.03.006. Epub 2011 Mar 17.

Role of somatostatin receptor 1 and 5 on epidermal growth factor receptor mediated signaling.

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  • 1Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada V6T1Z3.

Abstract

Epidermal growth factor (EGF) regulates normal and tumor cell proliferation via epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) phosphorylation, homo- or heterodimerization and activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) and PI3K/AKT cell survival pathways. In contrast, SST via activation of five different receptor subtypes inhibits cell proliferation and has been potential target in tumor treatment. To gain further insight for the effect of SSTRs on EGFR activated signaling, we determine the role of SSTR1 and SSTR1/5 in human embryonic kidney (HEK) 293 cells. We here demonstrate that cells transfected with SSTR1 or SSTR1/5 negatively regulates EGF mediated effects attributed to the inhibition of EGFR phosphorylation, MAPKs as well as the cell survival signaling. Furthermore, SSTR effects were significantly enhanced in cells when EGFR was knock down using siRNA or treated with selective antagonist (AG1478). Most importantly, the presence of SSTR in addition to modulating signaling pathways leads to the dissociation of the constitutive and EGF induced heteromeric complex of EGFR/ErbB2. Furthermore, cells cotransfected with SSTR1/5 display pronounced effect of SST on the signaling and dissociation of the EGFR/ErbB2 heteromeric complex than the cells expressing SSTR1 alone. Taken together this study provides the first evidence that the presence of SSTR controls EGF mediated cell survival pathway via dissociation of ErbB heteromeric complex. We propose that the activation of SSTR and blockade of EGFR might serve novel therapeutic approach in inhibition of tumor proliferation.

Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

PMID:
21419811
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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