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Trends Plant Sci. 2011 Jun;16(6):289-93. doi: 10.1016/j.tplants.2011.02.008. Epub 2011 Mar 17.

Challenges in breeding for yield increase for drought.

Author information

  • 1Crop Science Department, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, USA. trsincla@ncsu.edu

Abstract

Crop genetic improvement for environmental stress at the molecular and physiological level is very complex and challenging. Unlike the example of the current major commercial transgenic crops for which biotic stress tolerance is based on chemicals alien to plants, the complex, redundant and homeostatic molecular and physiological systems existing in plants must be altered for drought tolerance improvement. Sophisticated tools must be developed to monitor phenotype expression at the crop level to characterize variation among genotypes across a range of environments. Once stress-tolerant cultivars are developed, regional probability distributions describing yield response across years will be necessary. This information can then aid in identifying environmental conditions for positive and negative responses to genetic modification to guide farmer selection of stress-tolerant cultivars.

Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

PMID:
21419688
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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