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Pediatr Dev Pathol. 2011 Sep-Oct;14(5):353-9. doi: 10.2350/10-09-0902-OA.1. Epub 2011 Mar 21.

Immunohistochemical expression of embryonic stem cell markers in malignant rhabdoid tumors.

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  • 1Department of Pathology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390, USA.

Abstract

Malignant rhabdoid tumor is a highly aggressive pediatric neoplasm molecularly characterized by inactivating mutations of the SMARCB1 gene, a potent tumor suppressor and member of the SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling complex. It has been suggested that oncogenesis in SMARCB1-deficient cancers, such as malignant rhabdoid tumors, is driven not by the loss of SWI/SNF function but by an aberrant functioning of the BRG1-containing SWI/SNF complex. Since Brg1 is required for self-renewal and pluripotency of mouse embryonic stem cells, we hypothesized that the human malignant rhabdoid tumors may express pluripotency genes such as SALL4 , LIN28 , OCT3 and OCT4 (OCT3/4) , NANOG , and TCL1 . To test this hypothesis, we studied the immunohistochemical expression of SALL4, LIN28, OCT3/4, NANOG, and TCL1 in 11 malignant rhabdoid tumors of the central nervous system (atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumors) and 5 malignant rhabdoid tumors of the kidney. Of the 16 malignant rhabdoid tumors, 14 (88%) tumors showed robust SALL4 and/or LIN28 expression. No tumor showed any significant OCT3/4, NANOG, or TCL1 expression. Our results suggest that malignant rhabdoid tumors may arise from and/or share features with embryonic stem cells or germ cells.

PMID:
21417895
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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