Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
Obes Rev. 2011 May;12(5):e159-72. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-789X.2010.00823.x. Epub 2011 Mar 15.

Interpersonal violence in childhood as a risk factor for obesity: a systematic review of the literature and proposed pathways.

Author information

  • 1Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

Abstract

We examined the associations between exposure to interpersonal violence in childhood and risk for obesity and central adiposity. Interpersonal violence is defined as behaviour that threatens, attempts or causes physical harm. In addition, we evaluated the evidence for three mechanisms that may connect interpersonal violence to obesity: negative affect, disordered eating and physical inactivity. Based on a literature search of Medline and PsycInfo databases, 36 separate studies were evaluated and ranked based on quality. Approximately 81% of the studies reported a significant positive association between some type of childhood interpersonal violence and obesity, although 83% of the studies were cross-sectional. Associations were consistent for caregiver physical and sexual abuse and peer bullying, and there was mixed evidence for community violence. Although few studies explored mechanisms, early evidence suggests that negative affect and disordered eating may be involved. More prospective studies are needed, as well as studies that examine the mechanisms connecting early childhood victimization to obesity and central adiposity.

© 2011 The Authors. obesity reviews © 2011 International Association for the Study of Obesity.

PMID:
21401850
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3104728
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Blackwell Publishing Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk