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Mol Carcinog. 2011 Dec;50(12):961-71. doi: 10.1002/mc.20761. Epub 2011 Mar 11.

5'-Nitro-indirubinoxime inhibits epidermal growth factor- and phorbol ester-induced AP-1 activity and cell transformation through inhibition of phosphorylation of Pin1.

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  • 1BK21 Project Team, College of Pharmacy, Chosun University, Gwangju, Republic of Korea.


5'-Nitro-indirubinoxime (5'-NIO), a derivative of indirubin, exhibits anti-cancer activity in a variety of human cancer cells. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms and molecular target(s) of the chemopreventive activities of 5'-NIO remain unknown. Here, we report that 5'-NIO inhibited the epidermal growth factor (EGF) or 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA)-induced neoplastic cell transformation of JB6 Cl41 mouse skin epidermal cells without any cytotoxic effects. Western blot analysis revealed that 5'-NIO inhibited activities of Raf-1 (S338), MEK1/2, ERK1/2, JNK, and c-Jun induced by EGF or TPA, respectively, whereas it did not affect autophosphorylation of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) induced by EGF or TPA. In addition, 5'-NIO exerted strong inhibitory effects on the EGF- or TPA-induced c-fos or c-jun transcriptional activity, and thereby inhibited the associated activator protein-1 (AP-1) transactivation activity induced by EGF or TPA. Importantly, 5'-NIO inhibited Pin1 phosphorylation at serine 16 induced by EGF or TPA, respectively, resulted in the inhibition of interaction between Pin1 and Raf-1. Immunoprecipitation/immunoblot analysis revealed that 5'-NIO bound with Pin1. Together, these findings suggest that 5'-NIO might act as an anticarcinogene in EGF- or TPA-induced carcinogenesis through the inhibition of interaction between Pin1 and Raf-1. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Copyright © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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