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Ann Dermatol Venereol. 2011 Mar;138(3):182-200. doi: 10.1016/j.annder.2011.01.016. Epub 2011 Feb 22.

[Pemphigus: a review].

[Article in French]

Author information

  • 1Clinique dermatologique, hôpital Charles-Nicolle, université de Rouen, 1 rue de Germont, Rouen cedex, France. Pascal.Joly@chu-rouen.fr

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Pemphigus is a rare autoimmune bullous disorder. Numerous treatment regimens have been proposed in the literature.

OBJECTIVE:

To assess the efficacy and tolerance of treatment regimens proposed in pemphigus vulgaris (PV) and pemphigus foliaceus (PF), from a systematic review of the literature.

METHODS:

Randomized control trials have been identified using the PubMed and Embase databases up to April 2009. Uncontrolled prospective and retrospective studies have also been analyzed.

RESULTS:

Eleven randomized control trials having included a total number of 421 patients (377 PV, 44 PF) have been analyzed. Most studies had a limited statistical power due to the rather low number of cases included. Results from ten different treatment regimens have been analyzed: different dosages of prednisone and prednisolone, pulse intravenous dexamethasone, azathioprine, cyclophosphamide, cyclosporine, dapsone, mycophenolate mofetil, plasmapheresis, topical applications of epidermal growth factor (EGF), and intravenous immune globulins (IVIG). Inclusion criteria were: (i) consecutive patients in nine studies, (ii) patients who did not respond to low doses of corticosteroids in one study, and (iii) patients with relapsing type of pemphigus in one study. None of these studies allowed identifying the best effective and well tolerated regimen. Mycophenolate mofetil was more effective than azathioprine for disease control (from one study; n=40; OR=0.72; 95% CI=0.52-0.99). However, no difference in the rate of clinical remission was evidenced between these drugs. Azathioprine and cyclophosphamide seem to have a corticosteroid sparing effect.

CONCLUSION:

Data from the literature did not allow identifying the best therapeutic regimen, mainly because of the lack of statistical power of most studies. The usefulness of immunosuppressant added to systemic corticosteroids as the first line of treatment is not clearly established.

Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

PMID:
21397148
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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