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J Antimicrob Chemother. 2011 Apr;66(4):752-6. doi: 10.1093/jac/dkr010. Epub 2011 Feb 7.

Complete sequencing of the FII plasmid pHK01, encoding CTX-M-14, and molecular analysis of its variants among Escherichia coli from Hong Kong.

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  • 1Department of Microbiology, University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam Road, Pokfulam, Hong Kong, People's Republic of China. plho@hkucc.hku.hk



We characterized plasmids encoding CTX-M-14 β-lactamase originating from Escherichia coli isolates recovered from patients with uncomplicated cystitis or individuals with faecal colonization in Hong Kong from 2002 to 2004.


Plasmids carrying CTX-M-14 were studied by conjugation, replicon typing, S1 nuclease-PFGE and plasmid PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP). The complete sequence of pHK01, a 70 kb plasmid encoding CTX-M-14 from an E. coli strain, was determined and the results compared with reference plasmids and aligned with GenBank data.


The blaCTX-M-14 plasmids could be transferred in 23 of 44 E. coli strains tested. Among the 23 transconjugants, the replicon types of the CTX-M-14-encoding plasmid were FII (n=13), I1-Iγ (n=4), F1B (n=2), FII and I1-Iγ (n=1), K (80 kb, n=1) and undetermined (n=2). Plasmid pHK01 (FII replicon) shares a high degree of homology with R100 except mainly for a 11 kb variable region containing blaCTX-M-14 (with an upstream ISEcp1 and a downstream truncated IS903), an iron transport system, an outer membrane protein (malB, maltoporin) and a putative toxin-antitoxin plasmid stability system (yacABC). It was highly related to blaCTX-M-14 (pKF3-70) and blaCTX-M-24 (pEG356) plasmids reported from mainland China in 2006 and Vietnam in 2007, respectively. Subtyping by a plasmid PCR-RFLP scheme showed that 10 of the 13 FII plasmids originating from isolates collected by multiple laboratories exhibited either identical or highly similar profiles.


This study showed that narrow host-range FII plasmids play important roles in the dissemination of CTX-M-14. FII plasmids closely related to pHK01 have disseminated widely in the Hong Kong community.

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