Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Cancer Biol Ther. 2011 May 15;11(10):883-92. Epub 2011 May 15.

Potent genistein derivatives as inhibitors of estrogen receptor alpha-positive breast cancer.

Author information

  • 1Department of Surgery, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA.


The estrogen receptor (ER) is a major target for the treatment of breast cancer cells. Genistein, a soy isoflavone, possesses a structure similar to estrogen and can both mimic and antagonize estrogen effects although at high concentrations it inhibits breast cancer cell proliferation. Hence, to enhance the anti-cancer activity of Genistein at lower concentrations, we have synthesized seven structurally modified derivatives of Genistein (MA-6, MA-8, MA-11, MA-19, MA-20, MA-21 and MA-22) based on the structural requirements for an optimal anti-cancer effect. Among those seven, three derivatives (MA-6, MA-8 and MA-19) showed high antiproliferative activity with IC(50) levels in the range of 1-2.5 μM, i.e., at much lower concentrations range than Genistein itself, in three ER-positive breast cancer cell lines (MCF-7, 21PT and T47D) studied. In our analysis, we noticed that at IC(50) concentrations, the MA-6, MA-8 and MA-19 Genistein derivatives induced apoptosis, inhibited ER-α messenger RNA expression and increased the ratio of ER-β to ER-α levels in a manner comparable to the parent compound Genistein. Of note, these three modified Genistein derivatives exerted their effects at concentrations 10-15 times lower than the parent compound, decreasing the likelihood of significant ER- α pathway activation, which has been a concern for Genistein. Hence these compounds might play a useful role in breast cancer chemoprevention.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Landes Bioscience Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk