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Sci Transl Med. 2011 Mar 9;3(73):73ra21. doi: 10.1126/scitranslmed.3001713.

Nanodiamond therapeutic delivery agents mediate enhanced chemoresistant tumor treatment.

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  • 1George Williams Hooper Foundation, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA.

Abstract

Enhancing chemotherapeutic efficiency through improved drug delivery would facilitate treatment of chemoresistant cancers, such as recurrent mammary tumors and liver cancer. One way to improve drug delivery is through the use of nanodiamond (ND) therapies, which are both scalable and biocompatible. Here, we examined the efficacy of an ND-conjugated chemotherapeutic in mouse models of liver and mammary cancer. A complex (NDX) of ND and doxorubicin (Dox) overcame drug efflux and significantly increased apoptosis and tumor growth inhibition beyond conventional Dox treatment in both murine liver tumor and mammary carcinoma models. Unmodified Dox treatment represents the clinical standard for most cancer treatment regimens, and NDX had significantly decreased toxicity in vivo compared to standard Dox treatment. Thus, ND-conjugated chemotherapy represents a promising, biocompatible strategy for overcoming chemoresistance and enhancing chemotherapy efficacy and safety.

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PMID:
21389265
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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