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J Pak Med Assoc. 2010 Sep;60(9):754-7.

Outcome of scleral buckling procedures for primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment.

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  • 1Khyber Institute of Ophthalmic Medical Sciences, Peshawar.



To study the outcome of conventional scleral buckling procedures performed for primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment.


This prospective study was conducted at Khyber Institute of Ophthalmic Medical Sciences, Hayatabad Medical Complex, Peshawar, Pakistan from 02-08-2008 to 29-04-2009. The outcome of fifty-six consecutive cases, operated in nine months duration, for primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment using scleral buckling procedures, were analyzed prospectively. The main outcome measure was anatomically reattached retina at two weeks postoperative follow-up.


Overall success rate was 85.71% (48 of 56 cases) at 2-weeks post-operative follow-up. The most common intra-operative complication was sub-retinal haemorrhage (23.21% cases), and the most common complication at first post-operative day was increased intra-ocular pressure (IOP), (21.43% cases). The raised pressure was transient in most cases, and only 2 (3.57%) had elevated IOP at 2-weeks post-op follow-up. Choroidal detachment was the second commonest post-operative complication (10.7%) The un-aided visual acuity was PL or HM in 32 (57.14%) cases and better than 6/60 in 3 (5.36%) cases pre-operatively. This improved to PL/HM in 12 (21.43%) and better than 6/60 in 16 (28.57%) cases post-operatively. Not very significant improvement in vision despite flat retina was found to be due to late presentation of patients, high grade PVR (Grade-C) in 24 (42.86%) cases and pre-operative 'off' macula in 52 (92.86%) cases, at a short-term follow up.


Scleral buckling procedures are still effective in the treatment of primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment even in high-grade PVR cases. A fairly good success rate can be achieved by adopting the appropriate procedures.

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