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C R Biol. 2011 Mar;334(3):182-9. doi: 10.1016/j.crvi.2010.12.010.

Last hunter-gatherers and first farmers of Europe.

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  • 1UMR 7209 CNRS, archéozoologie, archéobotanique, Muséum national d'histoire naturelle, 55 rue Buffon, Paris, France.


The Neolithisation of Europe has seen the transformation of hunting-gathering societies into farming communities. At least partly exogenous in its origins, this process led to major transformations in many aspects of life-styles, such as social structures, land use or diet. It involved the arrival of new human populations and gave way to the importation, intentional or unwanted of many non-European animal and plant species. It also provoked important changes in interactions between humans and natural environments. In many respects, it set the foundations of long-term European peasantry developments and prefigured later agropastoral colonizations. As such, it must be seen as a major turning point in the history of European populations.

Copyright © 2010 Académie des sciences. Published by Elsevier SAS. All rights reserved.

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