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Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2011 Jun 8;52(7):4048-53. doi: 10.1167/iovs.10-6100.

Refractive and corneal astigmatism in white school children in northern ireland.

Author information

  • 1School of Biomedical Sciences, University of Ulster, Coleraine, Northern Ireland, UK. l.odonoghue@ulster.ac.uk

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To study the prevalence of and relation between refractive and corneal astigmatism in white school children in Northern Ireland and to describe the association between refractive astigmatism and refractive error.

METHODS:

Stratified random clustering was used to recruit 1053 white children, 392 aged 6-7 years and 661 aged 12-13 years. Eye examinations included cycloplegic autorefraction and ocular biometric measures of axial length and corneal curvature.

RESULTS:

The prevalence of refractive astigmatism (≥ 1 DC) did not differ significantly between 6- to 7-year-old children (24%; 95% confidence interval [CI], 19-30) and 12- to 13-year-old children (20%; 95% CI, 14-25). The prevalence of corneal astigmatism (≥ 1 DC) also did not differ significantly between 6- to 7-year-old children (29%; 95% CI, 24-34) and 12- to 13-year-old children (25%; 95% CI, 21-28). While levels of refractive astigmatism and corneal astigmatism were similar, refractive astigmatism was predominantly oblique (76%; 95% CI, 67-85, of 6- to 7-year-olds; 59%; 95% CI, 48-70, of 12- to 13-year-olds), but corneal astigmatism was predominantly with-the-rule (80%; 95% CI, 72-87, of 6- to 7-year-olds; 82%; 95% CI, 74-90, of 12- to 13-year-olds). The prevalence of refractive astigmatism was associated with increasing myopia and hyperopia.

CONCLUSIONS:

This study is the first to provide robust population-based data on the prevalence of astigmatism in white school children in the United Kingdom. The prevalence of refractive astigmatism and corneal astigmatism is stable between 6 and 7 years and 12 and 13 years, although this finding would need to be confirmed by prospective studies. There is a high prevalence of refractive and corneal astigmatism which is associated with ametropia.

PMID:
21372019
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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