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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011 Mar 8;108(10):3994-9. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1014406108. Epub 2011 Feb 22.

Temperature-sensitive ipl1-2/Aurora B mutation is suppressed by mutations in TOR complex 1 via the Glc7/PP1 phosphatase.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, Shreveport, LA 71130, USA. ktatch@lsuhsc.edu

Abstract

Ipl1/Aurora B is the catalytic subunit of a complex that is required for chromosome segregation and nuclear division. Before anaphase, Ipl1 localizes to kinetochores, where it is required to establish proper kinetochore-microtubule associations and regulate the spindle assembly checkpoint. The protein phosphatase Glc7/PP1 opposes Ipl1 for some of these activities. To more thoroughly characterize the Glc7 phosphatase that opposes Ipl1, we have identified mutations that suppress the thermosensitivity of an ipl1-2 mutant. In addition to mutations in genes previously associated with ipl1 suppression, we recovered a null mutant in TCO89, which encodes a subunit of the TOR complex 1 (TORC1), the conserved rapamycin-sensitive kinase activity that regulates cell growth in response to nutritional status. The temperature sensitivity of ipl1-2 can also be suppressed by null mutation of TOR1 or by administration of pharmacological TORC1 inhibitors, indicating that reduced TORC1 activity is responsible for the suppression. Suppression of the ipl1-2 growth defect is accompanied by increased fidelity of chromosome segregation and increased phosphorylation of the Ipl1 substrates histone H3 and Dam1. Nuclear Glc7 levels are reduced in a tco89 mutant, suggesting that TORC1 activity is required for the nuclear accumulation of Glc7. In addition, several mutant GLC7 alleles that suppress the temperature sensitivity of ipl1-2 exhibit negative synthetic genetic interactions with TORC1 mutants. Together, our results suggest that TORC1 positively regulates the Glc7 activity that opposes Ipl1 and provide a mechanism to tie nutritional status with mitotic regulation.

PMID:
21368139
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3053998
Free PMC Article

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