Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Br J Pharmacol. 2011 Sep;164(2b):499-506. doi: 10.1111/j.1476-5381.2011.01291.x.

The indolocarbazole, Gö6976, inhibits guanylyl cyclase-A and -B.

Author information

  • 1Department of Pharmacology, University of Minnesota-Twin Cities, Minneapolis, MN, USA.



Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) decrease vascular volume and pressure by activating guanylyl cyclase-A (GC-A). C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) activation of guanylyl cyclase-B (GC-B) stimulates long bone growth. This study investigated the effects of the indolocarbazole, Gö6976, on the guanylyl cyclase activity of GC-A and GC-B as a first step towards developing small molecule regulators of these enzymes.


Whole cell cGMP concentrations or ³²P-cGMP accumulation in membrane preparations measured the effects of indolocarbazoles on the enzymatic activity GC-A and GC-B from transfected 293T or endogenously expressing 3T3-L1 cells.


Gö6976 blocked cellular CNP-dependent cGMP elevations in 293T-GC-B cells. The t(½) for Gö6976 inhibition was 7 s and IC₅₀ was 380 nM. Gö6976 increased the EC₅₀ for CNP 4.5-fold, but increasing the CNP concentration did not overcome the inhibition. Half of the inhibition was lost 1 h after removal of Gö6976 from the medium. Cellular exposure to Gö6976 reduced basal and natriuretic peptide-dependent, but not detergent-dependent, GC-A and GC-B activity. Inhibition was also observed when Gö6976 was added directly to the cyclase assay. A constitutively phosphorylated form of GC-B was similarly inhibited.


These data demonstrate that Gö6976 potently, rapidly and reversibly inhibited GC-A and GC-B via a process that did not require intact cells, known phosphorylation sites or inactivation of all catalytic sites. This is the first report of an intracellular inhibitor of a transmembrane guanylyl cyclase and the first report of a non-kinase target for Gö6976.

© 2011 The Authors. British Journal of Pharmacology © 2011 The British Pharmacological Society.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Wiley Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk