Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Cell Biol. 2011 Mar 7;192(5):735-50. doi: 10.1083/jcb.201011025. Epub 2011 Feb 28.

ATP-dependent and independent functions of Rad54 in genome maintenance.

Author information

  • 1Department of Cell Biology and Genetics, Cancer Genomics Center, 3000 CA Rotterdam, Netherlands.

Abstract

Rad54, a member of the SWI/SNF protein family of DNA-dependent ATPases, repairs DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) through homologous recombination. Here we demonstrate that Rad54 is required for the timely accumulation of the homologous recombination proteins Rad51 and Brca2 at DSBs. Because replication protein A and Nbs1 accumulation is not affected by Rad54 depletion, Rad54 is downstream of DSB resection. Rad54-mediated Rad51 accumulation does not require Rad54's ATPase activity. Thus, our experiments demonstrate that SWI/SNF proteins may have functions independent of their ATPase activity. However, quantitative real-time analysis of Rad54 focus formation indicates that Rad54's ATPase activity is required for the disassociation of Rad54 from DNA and Rad54 turnover at DSBs. Although the non-DNA-bound fraction of Rad54 reversibly interacts with a focus, independent of its ATPase status, the DNA-bound fraction is immobilized in the absence of ATP hydrolysis by Rad54. Finally, we show that ATP hydrolysis by Rad54 is required for the redistribution of DSB repair sites within the nucleus.

PMID:
21357745
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3051825
Free PMC Article

Images from this publication.See all images (8)Free text

Figure 1.
Figure 2.
Figure 3.
Figure 4.
Figure 5.
Figure 6.
Figure 7.
Figure 8.
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk