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Prim Care. 2011 Mar;38(1):23-39, v. doi: 10.1016/j.pop.2010.11.003.

Nicotine dependence: health consequences, smoking cessation therapies, and pharmacotherapy.

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  • 1Department of Family Medicine, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1919 West Taylor Street, Suite 159, Chicago, IL 60612, USA.


Nicotine dependence is a significant addiction with many health consequences. Consistent attempts and efforts at addressing this condition, guiding and advising afflicted patients using motivational techniques and the 5-A stepwise strategies, and instituting appropriate therapies will result in better health outcomes and less incidence of diseases. In pharmacotherapy, Nicotine replacement therapy and oral medications can be used alone or in combination with varying degrees of success.

Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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