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Arch Soc Esp Oftalmol. 2010 Dec;85(12):395-9. doi: 10.1016/j.oftal.2010.10.020.

[Superior oblique sharpening surgery in the treatment of Brown syndrome plus].

[Article in Spanish]

Author information

  • 1Sección de Motilidad Ocular, Departamento de Oftalmología, Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón, Madrid, España.



To describe superior oblique sharpening in congenital Brown syndrome plus.


A retrospective study of 17 Brown syndrome cases that were treated with oblique superior sharpening from 1997 to 2007. Vertical deviation in primary position was classified as + to +++, head tilt as: mild (< 10°), moderate (10-20°) and severe (≥ 20°); elevation in adduction from -1 to -4. A good postoperative result was considered if last elevation limitation in adduction was zero or -1, without head tilt and vertical deviation in primary position.


Mean age was 4.9 years. Limitation elevation in adduction which was -3 in 8 cases (47.1%) and -4 in 9 (52.9%), which improved completely after surgery in 6, -1 in 9 and -3 in 2 patients. Preoperative hypotropia in 15 cases (13 mild, 1 moderate and one severe) was resolved in 13 after surgery. Of 14 patients with torticollis (3 mild, 10 moderate and one severe) it was surgically corrected in 11. Success was achieved in 14 (82.4%), 2 were under corrected (11.8%) and one was overcorrected (5.88%). Mean follow-up was 60.71 months.


Oblique superior sharpening as treatment for Brown syndrome plus is an effective procedure. The incidence of secondary oblique palsies has been very low.

Copyright © 2010 Sociedad Española de Oftalmología. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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