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JACC Cardiovasc Interv. 2011 Feb;4(2):247-55. doi: 10.1016/j.jcin.2010.08.028.

Vasomotor function after paclitaxel-coated balloon post-dilation in porcine coronary stent model.

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  • 1Saint Joseph's Translational Research Institute/Saint Joseph's Hospital of Atlanta, Atlanta, Georgia 30313, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The purpose of this study was to evaluate endothelial function after post-dilation of bare-metal stents with paclitaxel-coated balloons (PCB) or non-drug-coated balloons (non-DCB) in a porcine model.

BACKGROUND:

DCB are an attractive alternative to drug-eluting stents because they provide short duration of drug exposure, while potentially inhibiting in-stent restenosis. Drug-eluting stents are associated with impaired endothelial function. It is unknown whether this abnormal vasomotor function is mitigated by reduced duration of drug exposure.

METHODS:

Thirteen pigs underwent bare-metal stent implantation (arteries, n = 30), followed by post-dilation with either PCB (SeQuent Please, B. Braun Melsungen AG, Berlin, Germany) (n = 17) or non-DCB (n = 13). Five pigs with unstented arteries (n = 14) were controls. Coronary vasomotion was assessed 1 month after stent implantation, using acetylcholine (Ach) and nitroglycerin. Measurements were obtained for distal segments.

RESULTS:

Angiographic late loss and histological area stenosis were similar between PCB and non-DCB. However, the percentage of diameter change in response to Ach was diminished with PCB (p < 0.05), when compared with either non-DCB or naive arteries. There was no difference between non-DCB and naive arteries. Inflammatory score and intramural fibrin grading were significantly greater in PCB than non-DCB (p < 0.05). Additionally, inflammatory cell infiltration in the stented segments correlated with the degree of percentage of diameter change in response to Ach, at distal regions.

CONCLUSIONS:

Post-dilation of bare-metal stents with PCB was associated with impaired vasodilatory response to Ach distal to the treated segments. Vasodilatory response after post-dilation with non-DCB was similar to control arteries.

Copyright © 2011 American College of Cardiology Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID:
21349465
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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