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Ann Behav Med. 2011 Aug;42(1):99-110. doi: 10.1007/s12160-011-9266-0.

An expanded model of the temporal stability of condom use intentions: gender-specific predictors among high-risk adolescents.

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  • 1Center for AIDS Intervention Research, Medical College of Wisconsin, 2071 N. Summit Ave., Milwaukee, WI 53212, USA. mbroaddus@mcw.edu



Adolescents involved with the criminal justice system are at particularly high-risk for the Human Immunodeficiency Virus and sexually transmitted infections.


The purpose of this study was to longitudinally examine gender-specific models of condom use, incorporating temporal stability of intentions.


Adolescents on probation (N=728) were recruited to complete longitudinal surveys including measures of Theory of Planned Behavior and gender-specific constructs, relationship length, and condom use.


Gender-specific models of condom use behavior suggested by previous research were mostly replicated. For young women, the effect of baseline intentions on subsequent condom use behavior was stronger when intentions were either stable or increasing. For young men, more stable, increasing intentions were directly associated with more condom use. There was preliminary evidence to suggest an association between temporal stability of intentions and decreasing condom use in stable relationships.


Intervention efforts should be tailored by gender and aim to forestall decreasing intentions and condom use over time by addressing difficulties in maintaining condom use.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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