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Environ Sci Technol. 2011 Mar 15;45(6):2227-35. doi: 10.1021/es102602s. Epub 2011 Feb 23.

Comparison of the Johnson-Ettinger vapor intrusion screening model predictions with full three-dimensional model results.

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  • 1School of Engineering, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island 02912, United States.

Abstract

The Johnson-Ettinger vapor intrusion model (J-E model) is the most widely used screening tool for evaluating vapor intrusion potential because of its simplicity and convenience of use. Since its introduction about twenty years ago, the J-E model has become a cornerstone in guidance related to the potential for significant vapor intrusion-related exposures. A few papers have been published that claim it is a conservative predictor of exposure, but there has not been a systematic comparison in the open literature of the J-E model predictions with the results of more complete full three-dimensional descriptions of the phenomenon. In this paper, predictions from a three-dimensional model of vapor intrusion, based upon finite element calculations of homogeneous soil scenarios, are directly compared with the results of the J-E model. These results suggest that there are conditions under which the J-E model predictions might be quite reasonable but that there are also others in which the predictions are low as well as high. Some small modifications to the J-E model are also suggested that can bring its predictions into excellent agreement with those of the much more elaborate 3-D models, in some specific cases of homogeneous soils. Finally, both models were compared with actual field data.

PMID:
21344848
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3664551
Free PMC Article
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