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J Pharmacol Sci. 2011;115(2):164-75.

Protein tyrosine phosphatase SHP-2 is positively involved in platelet-derived growth factor-signaling in vascular neointima formation via the reactive oxygen species-related pathway.

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  • 1Institute of Functional Genomics, School of Medicine, Konkuk University, 322 Danwol-dong, Choongju 380-701, Korea.

Abstract

The roles of Src homology domain 2-containing protein tyrosine phosphatase 2 (SHP-2) and its signaling in atherosclerosis have not been explored. Therefore, we investigated the roles of SHP-2 in the movement of rat aortic smooth muscle cells (RASMCs) and in the neointima formation of the carotid artery. Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-BB (1 - 20 ng/ml) increased the activity and phosphorylation of SHP-2 and migration in RASMCs and these were suppressed by SHP-2 inhibitor NSC-87877 (30 µM) and small interfering RNA of SHP-2. PDGF-BB increased the phosphorylations of spleen tyrosine kinase (Syk) and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), which were recovered by inhibition of SHP-2. Moreover, PDGF-BB increased the levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and ROS inhibitors decreased PDGF-BB-increased migration. Treatment of RASMCs with H(2)O(2) (100 µM) increased cell migration and SHP-2 phosphorylation and also enhanced the phosphorylation levels of Syk and p38 MAPK. Oral administration of NSC-87877 (10 mg/kg) significantly suppressed neointima formation in a rat model of carotid artery injury. These results suggest that the activity of SHP-2 is controlled by ROS and is positively involved in the regulation of PDGF-BB-induced RASMC migration and neointima formation.

PMID:
21343667
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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