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J Clin Oncol. 2011 Mar 20;29(9):1168-74. doi: 10.1200/JCO.2010.28.3317. Epub 2011 Feb 22.

Successful multifold dose escalation of anti-GD2 monoclonal antibody 3F8 in patients with neuroblastoma: a phase I study.

Author information

  • 1Department of Pediatrics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY 10065, USA. kushnerb@mskcc.org

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Pain can hinder immunotherapy with anti-G(D2) monoclonal antibodies (MoAbs) like 3F8. Heat-modified 3F8 (HM3F8) lacks effector functions and could mask G(D2) or cross-reactive epitopes on nerves, thereby preventing a subsequent dose of unmodified 3F8 from activating pain fibers. We hypothesized that 3F8 dose escalation is possible without increased analgesic requirements in patients pretreated with HM3F8.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Thirty patients with resistant neuroblastoma (NB) received one to two cycles of 3F8 plus granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor. 3F8 dosing began at 20 mg/m(2)/d and increased by 20 mg/m(2)/d in the absence of dose-limiting toxicity (DLT). Premedication included analgesics, antihistamines, and 5-minute infusions of HM3F8. On the basis of experience with 3F8 10 mg/m(2)/d in prior protocols, the DLT of pain was defined as more than seven doses of opioids administered within 2 hours. Opioid use was compared with a contemporary control group treated with 3F8 20 mg/m(2)/d but no HM3F8. Disease response was assessed.

RESULTS:

Treatment was administered in the outpatient setting. Dose escalation stopped at 160 mg/m(2)/d because of drug supply limitations; even through this dosage level, analgesic requirements were similar to historical controls, and there were no DLTs. Analgesic requirements at 3F8 dosage levels through 80 mg/m(2)/d were significantly less compared with controls. Anti-NB activity occurred at all dosages.

CONCLUSION:

Multifold dose escalation of 3F8 is feasible. The findings can be interpreted as compatible with the possibility that HM3F8 can modify toxicity without blunting anti-NB activity. This pain control strategy may help achieve dose escalation with other anti-G(D2) MoAbs.

PMID:
21343563
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3083872
Free PMC Article

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