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J Asthma. 2011 Apr;48(3):224-7. doi: 10.3109/02770903.2011.555032. Epub 2011 Feb 21.

Influenza-like illness responsible for severe exacerbations in asthmatic children during H1N1 pandemic: a survey before vaccination.

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  • 1Cabinet La Berma, Antony, France.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Asthma seems to be the more prevalent underlying condition in patients hospitalized for H1N1-related flu.

METHODS:

A prospective survey was conducted during the early phase of H1N1 pandemic in France in asthmatic children before vaccination to assess whether severe exacerbations in childhood asthma are associated with influenza-like illness (ILI, the definition of H1N1-related flu in a pandemic). Eight pediatricians in primary care distributed in three localities (Paris, south suburb, and west suburb) conducted the survey (4 weeks/locality from week 36 to 47). At each visit, the pediatrician filled a questionnaire entering the information regarding asthma treatment, severe exacerbation (at least 3 days' use of systemic corticosteroids), and ILI (temperature ≥37.8°C, cough, and/or sore throat, in the absence of a known cause other than influenza) during the past 3 weeks.

RESULTS:

The survey included 1155 asthmatic children (mean age [SD]: 7.5 years [4.1]); almost all visits were scheduled (99%). A severe exacerbation was recorded in 121 children [10.5%; 95% confidence interval (CI): 8.7-12.2%], which was concomitant with ILI in 20 children (16.5%; 95% CI: 9.9-23.2%), whereas 1034 children did not exhibit any exacerbation. In these latter children, 40 ILI were observed (3.9%; 95% CI: 2.7-5.0%), which constituted a significantly lesser percentage as compared with children with both exacerbation and ILI (p < .0001). This result remained significant in each locality. Overall, 60/1155 (5.2%; 95% CI: 3.9-6.5%) asthmatic children had an ILI.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our survey shows that severe exacerbation and ILI are strongly associated during the H1N1 pandemic in asthmatic children.

PMID:
21332420
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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