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Nucleus. 2010 May-Jun;1(3):273-83. doi: 10.4161/nucl.1.3.11800. Epub 2010 Mar 15.

Dynamic properties of meiosis-specific lamin C2 and its impact on nuclear envelope integrity.

Author information

  • 1Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, Biocenter, University of Würzburg, Germany.

Abstract

A hallmark of meiosis is the precise pairing and the stable physical connection (synapsis) of the homologous chromosomes. These processes are essential prerequisite for their proper segregation. Pairing of the homologs during meiotic prophase I critically depends on characteristic movements of chromosomes. These movements, in turn, require attachment of meiotic telomeres to the nuclear envelope and their subsequent dynamic repositioning. Dynamic repositioning of meiotic telomeres goes along with profound structural reorganization of the nuclear envelope. The short A-type lamin C2 is thought to play a critical role in this process due to its specific expression during meiotic prophase I and the unique localization surrounding telomere attachments. Consistent with this notion, here we provide compelling evidence that meiosis-specific lamin C2 features a significantly increased mobility compared to somatic lamins as revealed by photobleaching techniques. We show that this property can be clearly ascribed to the lack of the N-terminal head and the significantly shorter α-helical coil domain. Moreover, expression of lamin C2 in somatic cells induces nuclear deformations and alters the distribution of the endogenous nuclear envelope proteins lamin B1, LAP2, SUN1 and SUN2. Together, our data define lamin C2 as a "natural lamin deletion mutant" that confers unique properties to the nuclear envelope which would be essential for dynamic telomere repositioning during meiotic prophase I.

KEYWORDS:

A-type lamins; germ cells; lamin C2; meiosis; nuclear envelope; nuclear lamina; spermatocytes; spermatogenesis

PMID:
21327075
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3027034
Free PMC Article

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