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J Int AIDS Soc. 2011 Feb 15;14:9. doi: 10.1186/1758-2652-14-9.

Prevalence of HIV among injection drug users in Georgia.

Author information

  • 1Curatio International Foundation, Tbilisi, Georgia. I.Chikovani@curatio.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Injection drug use remains a major risk factor for HIV transmission in Georgia. The study aims to characterize the prevalence of HIV among injection drug users in Georgia.

METHODS:

A cross-sectional, anonymous bio-behavioural survey to assess knowledge and behaviour in injection drug users in combination with laboratory testing on HIV status was conducted in five Georgian cities (Tbilisi, Gori, Telavi, Zugdidi and Batumi) in 2009. A snowball sample of 1127 eligible injection drug user participants was investigated.

RESULTS:

Odds of HIV exposure were increased for injection drug users of greater age, with greater duration of drug use and with a history of imprisonment or detainment (p < 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS:

More research is required to analyze the determinants of HIV risk in Georgian injection drug users. The imprisoned population and young injection drug users may be appropriate target groups for programmes aimed at preventing HIV transmission.

PMID:
21324140
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3050784
Free PMC Article
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