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Popul Health Manag. 2011 Feb;14 Suppl 1:S29-33. doi: 10.1089/pop.2010.0067.

The impact of proactive chronic care management on hospital admissions in a German senior population.

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  • 1Center for Health Research, Healthways, Inc., Franklin, Tennessee 37067, USA.

Abstract

An increase in chronic disease prevalence is contributing to health care cost growth and decreased quality of life in industrialized nations worldwide. Inadequate management of chronic diseases is a leading cause of hospitalizations and, thus, avoidable expenditures. In this study, we evaluated the impact of nurse-delivered care calls, the primary intervention of a proactive chronic care management (CCM) program, in a population aged 65 and older in Germany. In this analysis, hospital admission rates were evaluated among program enrollees who were diagnosed with diabetes, heart failure, coronary heart disease, or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The Intervention group comprised those members who participated in care calls (n=13,486), whereas the Comparison group included enrollees who did not participate in these calls (n=4,582). Changes in admission rates were calculated between the year prior to and year after program commencement. Comparative analyses were adjusted for age, sex, region of residence, and disease severity (stratification of 3 [least severe] to 1 [most severe]). Overall, a 6.0% decrease in admissions was observed among Intervention group members compared with an 18.9% increase among Comparison group members (P ≤ 0.0001). This decrease in admissions was driven by participants with the highest levels of risk. In addition, a dose-response relationship was observed in which admissions decreased with an increased number of care calls (P=0.0001). These results indicate that proactive CCM interventions are effective in reducing hospital admission rates in a senior population with chronic disease.

PMID:
21323617
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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