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Circulation. 2011 Mar 1;123(8):850-7. doi: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.110.980151. Epub 2011 Feb 14.

Low prevalence of "ideal cardiovascular health" in a community-based population: the heart strategies concentrating on risk evaluation (Heart SCORE) study.

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  • 1University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA. sreis@pitt.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Cardiovascular health is a new construct defined by the American Heart Association (AHA) as part of its 2020 Impact Goal definition. The applicability of this construct to community-based populations and the distributions of its components by race and sex have not been reported.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

The AHA construct of cardiovascular health and the AHA ideal health behaviors index and ideal health factors index were evaluated among 1933 participants (mean age 59 years; 44% blacks; 66% women) in the community-based Heart Strategies Concentrating on Risk Evaluation (Heart SCORE) study. One of 1933 participants (0.1%) met all 7 components of the AHA's definition of ideal cardiovascular health. Less than 10% of participants met ≥ 5 components of ideal cardiovascular health in all subgroups (by race, sex, age, and income level). Thirty-nine subjects (2.0%) had all 4 components of the ideal health behaviors index and 27 (1.4%) had all 3 components of the ideal health factors index. Blacks had significantly fewer ideal cardiovascular health components than whites (2.0 ± 1.2 versus 2.6 ± 1.4; P < 0.001). After adjustment by sex, age, and income level, blacks had 82% lower odds of having ≥ 5 components of ideal cardiovascular health (odds ratio 0.18, 95% confidence interval, 0.10 to 0.34; P<0.001). No interaction was found between race and sex.

CONCLUSION:

The prevalence of ideal cardiovascular health is extremely low in a middle-aged community-based study population. Comprehensive individual and population-based interventions must be developed to support the attainment of the AHA's 2020 Impact Goal for cardiovascular health.

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PMID:
21321154
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3061396
Free PMC Article
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