Display Settings:


Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 2011 Jun;26(5):452-7. doi: 10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2011.01.006. Epub 2011 Feb 12.

Load on the shoulder complex during wheelchair propulsion and weight relief lifting.

Author information

  • 1Swiss Paraplegic Research, Guido A Z√§chstrasse 4, Nottwil, Switzerland. stefan.vandrongelen@paranet.ch



This study focuses on the relationship between overuse in association with wheelchair activities of daily living and risks for osteoarthrosis in the acromioclavicular and sternoclavicular joints. The aim is to quantify the joint moments and joint reaction forces in all three joints of the shoulder complex during wheelchair-related activities of daily living.


A convenience sample of 17 subjects performed two tasks (wheelchair propulsion and weight relief lifting). Three-dimensional kinematics and kinetics were measured and position and force data were used as input for a musculoskeletal model of the arm and shoulder. Output variables of the model were the moments and the joint reaction forces on the sternoclavicular, acromioclavicular and glenohumeral joints.


Moments on the sternoclavicular joint were higher than on the acromioclavicular and glenohumeral joint, but the joint reaction forces on the sternoclavicular and acromioclavicular joints were only one third of those on the glenohumeral joint (peak forces around 96N compared to 315N for wheelchair propulsion and around 330N compared to 1288N for weight relief lifting).


Based on the results found in this study, net joint moments are likely a better measure to describe the load on the acromioclavicular and sternoclavicular joints due to the passive stabilization. Prospective studies on wheelchair overuse injuries should also look at the acromioclavicular and sternoclavicular joints since the load of wheelchair tasks might be a risk factor for osteoarthrosis in these joints.

Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk