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J Mech Behav Biomed Mater. 2011 Apr;4(3):467-75. doi: 10.1016/j.jmbbm.2010.12.008. Epub 2010 Dec 21.

Prediction of mechanical properties of composites of HDPE/HA/EAA.

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  • 1Universidad Central de Venezuela, Facultad de Ingeniería, Escuela de Ingeniería Química, Caracas, Venezuela. carmen.albano@ucv.ve


In this investigation, the behavior of the mechanical properties of composites of high-density polyethylene/hydroxyapatite (HDPE/HA) with and without ethylene-acrylic acid copolymer (EAA) as possible compatibilizer, was studied. Different mathematical models were used to predict their Young's modulus, tensile strength and elongation at break. A comparison with the experimental results shows that the theoretical models of Guth and Kerner modified can be used to predict the Young's modulus. On the other hand, the values obtained by the Verbeek model do not show a good agreement with the experimental data, since different factors that influence the mechanical properties are considered in this model such as: aspect ratio of the reinforcement, interfacial adhesion, porosity and binder content. TEM analysis confirms the discrepancies obtained between the experimental Young's modulus values and those predicted by the Verbeek model. The values of "P", "a" and "σ(A)" suggest that an interaction among the carboxylic groups of the copolymer and the hydroxyl groups of hydroxyapatite might be present. In composites with 20 and 30 wt% of filler, this interaction does not improve the Young's modulus values, since the deviations of the Verbeek model are significant.

Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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