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J Morphol. 2011 Mar;272(3):342-53. doi: 10.1002/jmor.10918. Epub 2010 Dec 15.

Microvascularization of the interhyoid muscle in larval Xenopus laevis (Daudin): Scanning electron microscopy of vascular corrosion casts and correlative light microscopy.

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  • 1Department of Organismic Biology, Division of Zoology and Functional Anatomy, Vessel and Muscle Research Unit, University of Salzburg, A-5020 Salzburg, Austria.

Abstract

The interhyoid muscle in tadpoles of Xenopus laevis (Daudin) is an important part of the buccal pump, a functional unit that provides unidirectional flow of water through mouth and pharynx. In anuran tadpoles, this flow is crucial in both respiration (gas exchange) and food intake (ingestion). The microvascular anatomy of the interhyoid muscles of 43 tadpoles of X. laevis from developmental stages 49-60 was examined by scanning electron microscopy of vascular corrosion casts and correlative light microscopy of paraplast embedded Goldner stained serial tissue sections. Analysis of vascular corrosion casts of the interhyoid muscle showed that several descending branches of external carotid arteries supplied the interhyoid muscle. Arteries splitted into many arterioles at the dorsal surface of the interhyoid muscle and formed sheaths of longitudinally orientated capillaries around muscle fibers. Postcapillary vessels formed perpendicularly orientated arrays of collecting venules (mean diameter: 15.6 μm), which drained the interhyoid muscle from the ventral surface into external jugular veins. Cast analyses revealed sprouting angiogenesis at the capillary level and nonsprouting angiogenesis at distal domains of the venous system. Both means of angiogenesis that persisted throughout the developmental periods examined are thought to represent a superposition of concurrent developmental and physiological processes. The dense microvascular bed of the interhyoid muscle reflects its high demand for supply with oxygen and nutrients.

Copyright © 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

PMID:
21312231
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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