Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2011 Jul;216(1):9-16. doi: 10.1007/s00213-011-2188-5. Epub 2011 Feb 9.

Sex difference in QTc prolongation in chronic institutionalized patients with schizophrenia on long-term treatment with typical and atypical antipsychotics.

Author information

  • 1Beijing HuiLongGuan Hospital, Beijing, 100096, People's Republic of China. yangfd200@126.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The rate-corrected electrocardiographic QT (QTc) interval may significantly increase in patients with schizophrenia taking antipsychotics. The objective of this naturalistic study was to assess the prevalence of prolonged QTc interval in a large population of inpatients with chronic schizophrenia and to explore QTc relationship with demographic variables and prescribed treatments.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Electrocardiograms were obtained from age- and sex-matched 456 controls and 1,006 inpatients with schizophrenia (male/female = 689/317) taking antipsychotics. QTc prolongation was defined as a mean value of two standard deviations above the controls. The adjusted relative risk was calculated using logistic regression analysis.

RESULTS:

QTc prolongation was present in 45 (4.5%) of 1,006 patients overall. Fewer men (3.2%, 22 of 689) than women (7.3%, 23 of 317) displayed QTc prolongation (p < 0.004). Moreover, QTc intervals were shorter in male (391 ± 31 ms) than female subjects (400 ± 37 ms) (p < 0.001). Clozapine was found to produce a longer QTc intervals compared to risperidone and typical antipsychotics. Furthermore, multiple regression analysis showed that significant predictors for QTc prolongation were comorbid cardiovascular disease, antipsychotic types, sex, and age (all p < 0.01).

CONCLUSION:

Our present findings suggest that there are sex differences in the prevalence of QTc prolongation and QTc lengthening in schizophrenia. Antipsychotic types are risk factors for QTc prolongation, and risks are substantially higher for clozapine.

PMID:
21301815
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for Springer
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk