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Placenta. 2011 Mar;32 Suppl 2:S182-5. doi: 10.1016/j.placenta.2011.01.009. Epub 2011 Feb 4.

Review: hCG, preeclampsia and regulatory T cells.

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  • 1Department of Pediatrics, Women and Infants Hospital-Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI 02905, USA.

Abstract

Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) is crucial for successful pregnancy. Its many functions include angiogenesis and immune regulation. Despite years of research, the etiology of preeclampsia remains unknown. Marked by insufficient trophoblast invasion and poor spiral artery remodeling, preeclampsia has also been linked to immune dysregulation. Here we discuss the roles of hCG in the context of endovascular cross-talk between trophoblasts and endothelial cells and immune tolerance. We propose that functional and glycosylation modifications of hCG may contribute to the pathogenesis of preeclampsia.

Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

PMID:
21295851
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3061407
Free PMC Article
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