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Nature. 2011 Feb 3;470(7332):59-65. doi: 10.1038/nature09708.

Mapping copy number variation by population-scale genome sequencing.

Collaborators (544)

Altshuler DL, Durbin RM, Abecasis GR, Bentley DR, Chakravarti A, Clark AG, Collins FS, De La Vega FM, Donnelly P, Egholm M, Flicek P, Gabriel SB, Gibbs RA, Knoppers BM, Lander ES, Lehrach H, Mardis ER, McVean GA, Nickerson DA, Peltonen L, Schafer AJ, Sherry ST, Wang J, Wilson RK, Gibbs RA, Deiros D, Metzker M, Muzny D, Reid J, Wheeler D, Wang J, Li J, Jian M, Li G, Li R, Liang H, Tian G, Wang B, Wang J, Wang W, Yang H, Zhang X, Zheng H, Lander ES, Altshuler DL, Ambrogio L, Bloom T, Cibulskis K, Fennell TJ, Gabriel SB, Jaffe DB, Shefler E, Sougnez CL, Bentley DR, Gormley N, Humphray S, Kingsbury Z, Koko-Gonzales P, Stone J, McKernan KJ, Costa GL, Ichikawa JK, Lee CC, Sudbrak R, Lehrach H, Borodina TA, Dahl A, Davydov AN, Marquardt P, Mertes F, Nietfeld W, Rosenstiel P, Schreiber S, Soldatov AV, Timmermann B, Tolzmann M, Egholm M, Affourtit J, Ashworth D, Attiya S, Bachorski M, Buglione E, Burke A, Caprio A, Celone C, Clark S, Conners D, Desany B, Gu L, Guccione L, Kao K, Kebbel A, Knowlton J, Labrecque M, McDade L, Mealmaker C, Minderman M, Nawrocki A, Niazi F, Pareja K, Ramenani R, Riches D, Song W, Turcotte C, Wang S, Mardis ER, Wilson RK, Dooling D, Fulton L, Fulton R, Weinstock G, Durbin RM, Burton J, Carter DM, Churcher C, Coffey A, Cox A, Palotie A, Quail M, Skelly T, Stalker J, Swerdlow HP, Turner D, De Witte A, Giles S, Gibbs RA, Wheeler D, Bainbridge M, Challis D, Sabo A, Yu F, Yu J, Wang J, Fang X, Guo X, Li R, Li Y, Luo R, Tai S, Wu H, Zheng H, Zheng X, Zhou Y, Li G, Wang J, Yang H, Marth GT, Garrison EP, Huang W, Indap A, Kural D, Lee WP, Leong WF, Quinlan AR, Stewart C, Stromberg MP, Ward AN, Wu J, Lee C, Mills RE, Shi X, Daly MJ, DePristo MA, Altshuler DL, Ball AD, Banks E, Bloom T, Browning BL, Cibulskis K, Fennell TJ, Garimella KV, Grossman SR, Handsaker RE, Hanna M, Hartl C, Jaffe DB, Kernytsky AM, Korn JM, Li H, Maguire JR, McCarroll SA, McKenna A, Nemesh JC, Philippakis AA, Poplin RE, Price A, Rivas MA, Sabeti PC, Schaffner SF, Shefler E, Shlyakhter IA, Cooper DN, Ball EV, Mort M, Phillips AD, Stenson PD, Sebat J, Makarov V, Ye K, Yoon SC, Bustamante CD, Clark AG, Boyko A, Degenhardt J, Gravel S, Gutenkunst RN, Kaganovich M, Keinan A, Lacroute P, Ma X, Reynolds A, Clarke L, Flicek P, Cunningham F, Herrero J, Keenen S, Kulesha E, Leinonen R, McLaren WM, Radhakrishnan R, Smith RE, Zalunin V, Zheng-Bradley X, Korbel JO, Stütz AM, Humphray S, Bauer M, Cheetham RK, Cox T, Eberle M, James T, Kahn S, Murray L, Chakravarti A, Ye K, De La Vega FM, Fu Y, Hyland FC, Manning JM, McLaughlin SF, Peckham HE, Sakarya O, Sun YA, Tsung EF, Batzer MA, Konkel MK, Walker JA, Sudbrak R, Albrecht MW, Amstislavskiy VS, Herwig R, Parkhomchuk DV, Sherry ST, Agarwala R, Khouri H, Morgulis AO, Paschall JE, Phan LD, Rotmistrovsky KE, Sanders RD, Shumway MF, Xiao C, McVean GA, Auton A, Iqbal Z, Lunter G, Marchini JL, Moutsianas L, Myers S, Tumian A, Desany B, Knight J, Winer R, Craig DW, Beckstrom-Sternberg SM, Christoforides A, Kurdoglu AA, Pearson JV, Sinari SA, Tembe WD, Haussler D, Hinrichs AS, Katzman SJ, Kern A, Kuhn RM, Przeworski M, Hernandez RD, Howie B, Kelley JL, Melton SC, Abecasis GR, Li Y, Anderson P, Blackwell T, Chen W, Cookson WO, Ding J, Kang HM, Lathrop M, Liang L, Moffatt MF, Scheet P, Sidore C, Snyder M, Zhan X, Zöllner S, Awadalla P, Casals F, Idaghdour Y, Keebler J, Stone EA, Zilversmit M, Jorde L, Xing J, Eichler EE, Aksay G, Alkan C, Hajirasouliha I, Hormozdiari F, Kidd JM, Sahinalp SC, Sudmant PH, Mardis ER, Chen K, Chinwalla A, Ding L, Koboldt DC, McLellan MD, Dooling D, Weinstock G, Wallis JW, Wendl MC, Zhang Q, Durbin RM, Albers CA, Ayub Q, Balasubramaniam S, Barrett JC, Carter DM, Chen Y, Conrad DF, Danecek P, Dermitzakis ET, Hu M, Huang N, Hurles ME, Jin H, Jostins L, Keane TM, Le SQ, Lindsay S, Long Q, MacArthur DG, Montgomery SB, Parts L, Stalker J, Tyler-Smith C, Walter K, Zhang Y, Gerstein MB, Snyder M, Abyzov A, Balasubramanian S, Bjornson R, Du J, Grubert F, Habegger L, Haraksingh R, Jee J, Khurana E, Lam HY, Jeng J, Mu XJ, Urban AE, Zhang Z, Li Y, Luo R, Marth GT, Garrison EP, Kural D, Quinlan AR, Stewart C, Stromberg MP, Ward AN, Wu J, Lee C, Mills RE, Shi X, McCarroll SA, Bank E, DePristo MA, Handsaker RE, Hartl C, Korn JM, Li H, Nemesh JC, Sebat J, Makarov V, Ye K, Yoon S, Degenhardt J, Kaganovich M, Clarke L, Smith RE, Zheng-Bradley X, Korbel JO, Humphray S, Cheetham RK, Eberle M, Kahn S, Murray L, Ye K, De La Vega FM, Fu Y, Peckham HE, Sun YA, Batzer MA, Konkel MK, Walker JA, Xiao C, Iqbal Z, Desany B, Blackwell T, Snyder M, Xing J, Eichler EE, Aksay G, Alkan C, Hajirasouliha I, Hormozdiari F, Kidd J, Chen K, Chinwalla A, Ding L, McLellan MD, Wallis JW, Hurles ME, Conrad DF, Walter K, Zhang Y, Gerstein MB, Snyder M, Abyzov A, Du J, Grubert F, Haraksingh R, Jee J, Khurana E, Lam HY, Leng J, Mu XJ, Urban AE, Zhang Z, Gibbs RA, Bainbridge M, Challis D, Coafra C, Dinh H, Kovar C, Lee S, Muzny D, Nazareth L, Reid J, Sabo A, Yu F, Yu J, Marth GT, Garrison EP, Indap A, Leong WF, Quinlan AR, Stewart C, Ward AN, Wu J, Cibulskis K, Fennell TJ, Gabriel SB, Garimella KV, Hartl C, Shefler E, Sougnez CL, Wilkinson J, Clark AG, Gravel S, Grubert F, Clarke L, Flicek P, Smith RE, Zheng-Bradley X, Sherry ST, Khouri HM, Paschall JE, Shumway MF, Xiao C, McVean GA, Katzman SJ, Abecasis GR, Blackwell T, Mardis ER, Dooling D, Fulton L, Fulton R, Koboldt DC, Durbin RM, Balasubramaniam S, Coffey A, Keane TM, MacArthur DG, Palotie A, Scott C, Stalker J, Tyler-Smith C, Gerstein MB, Balasubramanian S, Chakravarti A, Knoppers BM, Peltonen L, Abecasis GR, Bustamante CD, Gharani N, Gibbs RA, Jorde L, Kaye JS, Kent A, Li T, McGuire AL, McVean GA, Ossorio PN, Rotimi CN, Su Y, Toji LH, Tyler-Smith C, Brooks LD, Felsenfeld AL, McEwen JE, Abdallah A, Juenger CR, Clemm NC, Collins FS, Duncanson A, Green ED, Guyer MS, Peterson JL, Schafer AJ.

Author information

  • 1Department of Pathology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Abstract

Genomic structural variants (SVs) are abundant in humans, differing from other forms of variation in extent, origin and functional impact. Despite progress in SV characterization, the nucleotide resolution architecture of most SVs remains unknown. We constructed a map of unbalanced SVs (that is, copy number variants) based on whole genome DNA sequencing data from 185 human genomes, integrating evidence from complementary SV discovery approaches with extensive experimental validations. Our map encompassed 22,025 deletions and 6,000 additional SVs, including insertions and tandem duplications. Most SVs (53%) were mapped to nucleotide resolution, which facilitated analysing their origin and functional impact. We examined numerous whole and partial gene deletions with a genotyping approach and observed a depletion of gene disruptions amongst high frequency deletions. Furthermore, we observed differences in the size spectra of SVs originating from distinct formation mechanisms, and constructed a map of SV hotspots formed by common mechanisms. Our analytical framework and SV map serves as a resource for sequencing-based association studies.

PMID:
21293372
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3077050
Free PMC Article

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