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Pharmacol Ther. 1990;48(3):281-93.

Dopamine release and metabolism in the rat striatum: an analysis by 'in vivo' brain microdialysis.

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  • 1Department of Preclinical Veterinary Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Summerhall, U.K.


Brain microdialysis studies on the mechanisms underlying dopamine release in the rat striatum provide evidence that both exocytotic and carrier-dependent processes operate in vivo. While several releasers (potassium, veratrine, amphetamine, ouabain) utilize newly synthesized stores of dopamine, tyramine is uniquely sensitive to depletion of vesicular storage by reserpine. Extracellular DOPAC is closely associated with the newly synthesized pool of dopamine and experiments with selective monoamine oxidase inhibitors suggest that DOPAC is formed mainly by MAO-A. Recent work on the two dopamine receptors suggest that release by different mechanisms may selectively activate D1 or D2 receptor subtypes.

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