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Sex Transm Dis. 2011 Jul;38(7):580-6. doi: 10.1097/OLQ.0b013e3182096b62.

Assessing male condom failure and incorrect use.

Author information

  • 1Division of Clinical Research and Public Health Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

It has not been well established whether common indices of male condom failure are valid predictors of biologically meaningful exposure during condom use.

METHODS:

To address this gap, the authors compared self-reported condom malfunctions (i.e., breakage and slippage) and incorrect condom practices to 2 following objective measures of failure: prostate-specific antigen (PSA) detected in vaginal swabs collected after condom use and structural integrity of used condoms. The study, conducted in 2000-2001, evaluated 635 male condoms used by 77 women attending an outpatient, reproductive-health clinic in Birmingham, AL.

RESULTS:

Women reported breakage or slippage for 7.9% of condoms; 3.5% of postcoital swabs had moderate or high levels of PSA; and laboratory testing of used condoms revealed breaks (1.1%) and leaks (2.0%). Self-reported breakage and slippage was associated with moderate/high PSA concentrations in postcoital swabs only when the malfunctions were not accompanied by reports of corrective actions to reduce exposure (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 6.9; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.8-26.2). Defects observed in postcoital laboratory testing were related to PSA detection (aOR, 8.0; 95% CI, 1.5-42.6). Incorrect practices defined on the condom label were frequent, but not all types were associated with semen exposure. Furthermore, other practices not currently label-defined were associated with semen exposure: touching the tip of the penis with his hands (aOR, 6.2; 95% CI, 2.3-17.0) or with her hands (aOR, 2.8; 95% CI, 1.1-72) before donning the condom.

CONCLUSIONS:

Used correctly, male condoms afforded good protection based on objective measures of failure.

PMID:
21278626
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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