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Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2011 Apr;30(4):e56-62. doi: 10.1097/INF.0b013e31820e6e02.

Immunogenicity of a single dose of tetravalent meningococcal serogroups A, C, W-135, and Y conjugate vaccine administered to 2- to 10-year-olds is noninferior to a licensed-ACWY polysaccharide vaccine with an acceptable safety profile.

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  • 1National Guard Affairs, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Meningococcal disease remains an important cause of invasive bacterial infections in children less than 5 years of age. Immunogenicity and safety of the investigational ACWY vaccine conjugated with tetanus toxoid (ACWY-TT, GlaxoSmithKline Biologicals) were evaluated in 1501 healthy 2- to 10-year-old children in the Philippines, India, Lebanon, and Saudi Arabia.

METHODS:

Children were randomized (3:1) to receive ACWY-TT or licensed tetravalent meningococcal polysaccharide vaccine (Mencevax, GlaxoSmithKline, Men-PS). Diary cards were used to collect solicited symptoms for 4 days after vaccination. Serious adverse events were reported for 6 months. Serum bactericidal activity (rSBA, rabbit complement) was measured before and 1 month after vaccination in the first 75% of subjects enrolled in each country.

RESULTS:

The statistical criteria for noninferiority in terms of rSBA vaccine responses were reached. Exploratory analyses showed that postvaccination rSBA titers ≥ 1:8 and ≥ 1:128 were significantly higher after ACWY-TT than Men-PS for serogroups C, W-135, and Y, and rSBA vaccine responses and geometric mean antibody titers were significantly higher for all 4 serogroups after administration of ACWY-TT. Noninferiority in terms of incidences of grade 3 general symptoms was not demonstrated. ACWY-TT was well tolerated with grade 3 events reported in <1% of subjects per group. No serious adverse events were considered related to vaccination.

CONCLUSION:

ACWY-TT was immunogenic in children between 2 to 10 years of age with a clinically acceptable safety profile that resembled licensed Men-PS. These data support a positive benefit/risk ratio for the ACWY-TT vaccine.

PMID:
21278617
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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