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J Thorac Oncol. 2011 Mar;6(3):459-65. doi: 10.1097/JTO.0b013e318209edb9.

Correlation of IHC and FISH for ALK gene rearrangement in non-small cell lung carcinoma: IHC score algorithm for FISH.

Author information

  • 1Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA. yi.joanne@mayo.edu

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Accurate, cost-effective methods for testing anaplastic lymphoma kinase gene rearrangement (ALK+) are needed to select patients with non-small cell lung carcinoma for ALK-inhibitor therapy. Fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) is used to detect ALK+, but it is expensive and not routinely available. We explored the potential of an immunohistochemistry (IHC) scoring system as an affordable, accessible approach.

METHODS:

One hundred one samples were obtained from an enriched cohort of never-smokers with adenocarcinoma from the Mayo Clinic Lung Cancer Cohort. IHC was performed using the ALK1 monoclonal antibody with ADVANCE detection system (Dako) and FISH with dual-color, break-apart probe (Abbott Molecular) on formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue.

RESULTS:

Cases were assessed as IHC score 0 (no staining; n = 69), 1+ (faint cytoplasmic staining, n = 21), 2+ (moderate, smooth cytoplasmic staining; n = 3), or 3+ (intense, granular cytoplasmic staining in ≥10% of tumor cells; n = 8). All IHC 3+ cases were FISH+, whereas 1 of 3 IHC 2+ and 1 of 21 IHC 1+ cases were FISH+. All 69 IHC 0 cases were FISH-. Considering FISH a gold-standard reference in this study, sensitivity and specificity of IHC were 90 and 97.8%, respectively, when 2+ and 3+ were regarded as IHC positive and 0 and 1+ as IHC negative.

CONCLUSIONS:

IHC scoring correlates with FISH and may be a useful algorithm in testing ALK+ by FISH in non-small cell lung carcinoma, similar to human epidermal growth factor-2 testing in breast cancer. Further study is needed to validate this approach.

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PMID:
21278610
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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