Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Cancer Biol Ther. 2011 Apr 1;11(7):615-26. Epub 2011 Apr 1.

c-Myc induction of programmed cell death may contribute to carcinogenesis: a perspective inspired by several concepts of chemical carcinogenesis.

Author information

  • 1Department of Stem Cell and Regenerative Medicine, Kimmel Cancer Center, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Abstract

The c-Myc protein, encoded by c-myc gene, in its wild-type form can induce tumors with a high frequency and can induce massive programmed cell death (PCD) in most transgenic mouse models, with greater efficiency than other oncogenes. Evidence also indicates that c-Myc can cause proliferative inhibition, i.e. mitoinhibition. The c-Myc-induced PCD and mitoinhibition, which may be attributable to its inhibition of cyclin D1 and induction of p53, may impose a pressure of compensatory proliferation, i.e. regeneration, onto the initiated cells (cancer progenitor cells) that occur sporadically and are resistant to the mitoinhibition. The initiated cells can thus proliferate robustly and progress to a malignancy. This hypothetical thinking, i.e. the concurrent PCD and mitoinhibition induced by c-Myc can promote carcinogenesis, predicts that an optimal balance is achieved between cell death and ensuing regeneration during oncogenic transformation by c-Myc, which can better promote carcinogenesis. In this perspective, we summarize accumulating evidence and challenge the current model that oncoprotein induces carcinogenesis by promoting cellular proliferation and/or inhibiting PCD. Inspired by c-myc oncogene, we surmise that many tumor-suppressive or growth-inhibitory genes may also be able to promote carcinogenesis in a similar way, i.e. by inducing PCD and/or mitoinhibition of normal cells to create a need for compensatory proliferation that drives a robust replication of initiating cells.

PMID:
21278493
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3084967
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Landes Bioscience Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk