Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Vasc Endovascular Surg. 2011 Feb;45(2):170-3. doi: 10.1177/1538574410393034. Epub 2011 Jan 28.

Pulmonary artery stenosis secondary to fibrosing mediastinitis: management with cutting balloon angioplasty and endovascular stenting.

Author information

  • 1Department of Pulmonary, Allergy, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, The Ohio State University Medical Center, Colombus, OH 43205, USA.


Cutting balloon angioplasty is a common treatment modality in the pediatric population for pulmonary artery stenosis. We present an adult with histoplasmosis induced fibrosing mediastinitis resulting in pulmonary artery stenosis that was successfully treated with cutting balloon angioplasty and subsequent stent deployment. Percutaneous endovascular stent placement has be shown to effectively alleviate pulmonary artery stenosis, however in-stent restenosis does limit durability. Pharmacologic therapy is indicated with either mediastinal adenitis or mediastinal granuloma with anti-fungal agents such as amphotericin B and itraconazole. Surgical intervention for histoplasmosis induced fibrosing mediastinitis is rarely indicated and may result in fatal complications that stem from mediastinal fibrosis due to resultant destruction of surgical planes. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of utilizing cutting balloon angioplasty and stent insertion for the treatment of histoplasmosis induced fibrosing mediastinitis complicated by pulmonary artery stenosis.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk