Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng. 2011 Apr;19(2):193-203. doi: 10.1109/TNSRE.2011.2107750. Epub 2011 Jan 28.

Point-and-click cursor control with an intracortical neural interface system by humans with tetraplegia.

Author information

  • 1Department of Computer Science, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA. spkim@cs.brown.edu

Abstract

We present a point-and-click intracortical neural interface system (NIS) that enables humans with tetraplegia to volitionally move a 2-D computer cursor in any desired direction on a computer screen, hold it still, and click on the area of interest. This direct brain-computer interface extracts both discrete (click) and continuous (cursor velocity) signals from a single small population of neurons in human motor cortex. A key component of this system is a multi-state probabilistic decoding algorithm that simultaneously decodes neural spiking activity of a small population of neurons and outputs either a click signal or the velocity of the cursor. The algorithm combines a linear classifier, which determines whether the user is intending to click or move the cursor, with a Kalman filter that translates the neural population activity into cursor velocity. We present a paradigm for training the multi-state decoding algorithm using neural activity observed during imagined actions. Two human participants with tetraplegia (paralysis of the four limbs) performed a closed-loop radial target acquisition task using the point-and-click NIS over multiple sessions. We quantified point-and-click performance using various human-computer interaction measurements for pointing devices. We found that participants could control the cursor motion and click on specified targets with a small error rate (< 3% in one participant). This study suggests that signals from a small ensemble of motor cortical neurons (∼40) can be used for natural point-and-click 2-D cursor control of a personal computer.

PMID:
21278024
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3294291
Free PMC Article

Images from this publication.See all images (6)Free text

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk