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J Immunol Methods. 2011 Mar 7;366(1-2):69-78. doi: 10.1016/j.jim.2011.01.011. Epub 2011 Jan 28.

Optimizing high dimensional gene expression studies for immune response following smallpox vaccination using Taqman® low density immune arrays.

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  • 1Division of Biomedical Statistics and Informatics, Department of Health Sciences Research, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA.



We sought to determine the time and vaccinia virus dose combination that would maximize the number of acute immune response changes in response to vaccinia stimulation in preparation for a large gene expression microarray experiment.


PBMCs from ten subjects were exposed to five vaccinia virus doses for three lengths of time. Gene expression was measured for 90 immune response genes via Taqman® Low Density Immune Arrays. Expression data were normalized via model-based non-linear normalization. Linear mixed effects model results were used to standardize changes across genes and determine the time/multiplicity of infection (MOI) combination with the largest number of changes.


The greatest number of changes occurred with a MOI of 5.0 and exposure time of 48 h. Further inspection revealed that most changes had occurred earlier and faded at this combination. The second highest number of changes was found at a MOI of 0.5 PFU/cell and time of 18 h.


We conclude a time of 18 h with a MOI of 0.5 PFU/cell is the optimal time/MOI combination for the full scale gene expression study. The strategy described herein is a general and resource efficient way to make critical decisions regarding experimental parameters for studies utilizing expensive assays that interrogate a large number of variables.

Copyright © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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