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Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2011 Jul;30(7):570-4. doi: 10.1097/INF.0b013e31820c1fdf.

Immunogenicity of trivalent influenza vaccine in extremely low-birth-weight, premature versus term infants.

Author information

  • 1Department of Pediatrics, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, NY, USA. carl_dangio@urmc.rochester.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Influenza vaccine immunogenicity in premature infants is incompletely characterized.

OBJECTIVE:

To assess the immunogenicity of trivalent, inactivated influenza vaccine (TIV) in extremely low-birth-weight (≤ 1000 g birth weight) premature (<30 weeks gestation) infants. We hypothesized that geometric mean titers of influenza antibody would be lower in premature than in full-term (FT) (≥ 37 week) infants.

DESIGN/METHODS:

In this prospective multicenter study, former premature and FT infants who were 6 to 17 months of age received 2 doses of TIV during the 2006-2007 or 2007-2008 influenza seasons. Sera were drawn before dose 1, and 4 to 6 weeks after dose 2. Antibody was measured by hemagglutination inhibition.

RESULTS:

Over 2 years, 41 premature and 42 FT infants were enrolled; 36 and 33 of these infants, respectively, had postvaccination titers available. Premature infants weighed less (mean, 1.3-1.8 kg difference) at the time of immunization than FT infants. Prevaccination titers did not differ between groups. Premature infants had higher postvaccination antibody geometric mean titers than FT infants to H1 (2006-2007, 1:513 vs. 1:91, P = 0.03; 2007-2008, 1:363 vs. 1:189, P = 0.02) and B/Victoria (2006-2007, 1:51 vs. 1:10, P = 0.02). More premature than FT infants had antibody titers ≥ 1:32 to B/Victoria (85% vs. 60%, P = 0.04) in 2007-2008. Two (5%) premature and 8 (19%) FT infants had adverse events, primarily fever, within 72 hours after vaccination. No child had medically diagnosed influenza.

CONCLUSIONS:

Former premature infants had antibody responses to 2 TIV doses higher than or equal to those of FT children. Two TIV doses are immunogenic and well tolerated in extremely low-birth-weight, premature infants 6 to 17 months old.

PMID:
21273938
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3090695
Free PMC Article

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