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Vet Microbiol. 2011 Jun 2;150(3-4):215-9. doi: 10.1016/j.vetmic.2010.12.026. Epub 2011 Jan 11.

Host specific differences alter the requirement for certain Salmonella genes during swine colonization.

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  • 1Agroecosystems Management Research Unit, National Laboratory for Agriculture and the Environment, ARS, USDA, NSRIC-2103, 2110 University Drive, Ames, IA 50011, USA. brad.bearson@ars.usda.gov

Abstract

The pathogenic potential of Salmonella is determined during the complex interaction between pathogen and host, requiring optimal regulation of multiple bacterial genetic systems within variable in vivo environments. The mouse model of systemic disease has been an extremely productive model to investigate the pathogenesis of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium (S. Typhimurium). Although the mouse model is a widely used paradigm for studying the pathogenesis of systemic disease caused by Salmonella, investigations concerning food safety interventions should employ natural hosts to examine gastrointestinal colonization by Salmonella. Recent research has demonstrated specific differences in the attenuation of certain S. Typhimurium mutants in mice compared to swine. This variation in pathogenesis between the mouse model and pigs for the S. Typhimurium mutants is presumably dependent upon either the requirements for specific gene products during systemic disease (mouse) versus gastrointestinal colonization (pig) or host specific differences. In addition, host specific diversity in Salmonella colonization of swine has also been described in comparison to other food-producing animals, including cattle and chickens. Differences in Salmonella colonization and pathogenesis across diverse animal species highlight the importance of species-specific studies of gastrointestinal colonization for the development of Salmonella interventions to enhance pork safety.

Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

PMID:
21273009
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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