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Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2011 Apr;204(4):334.e1-5. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2010.11.024. Epub 2011 Jan 26.

Maternal immunization with tetanus-diphtheria-pertussis vaccine: effect on maternal and neonatal serum antibody levels.

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  • 1Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Women's Health, School of Medicine, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY, USA.



We sought to determine whether tetanus-diphtheria-pertussis vaccination (Tdap) in pregnancy provides newborns antibodies against pertussis when compared to mothers who did not receive Tdap.


Paired maternal and umbilical cord blood samples were collected at the time of delivery and the serum stored at -86°C. For each paired sample of maternal and cord blood, the medical chart and vaccine history was reviewed to determine whether Tdap was received or not.


Newborns born from mothers who received Tdap during pregnancy had significantly higher concentrations of diphtheria antitoxin (P < .001), tetanus antitoxin (P = .004), and antibodies to pertussis toxin (P < .001), filamentous hemagglutinin (P = .002), pertactin (P < .001), and fimbriae 2/3 (P < .001) when compared to newborns from mothers who did not receive Tdap. There was a significant increase in the odds that newborns from mothers who received Tdap during pregnancy have antibodies that may provide protection against diphtheria (P = .0141), pertussis toxin (P < .0001), and fimbriae 2/3 (P = .0146).


Administering Tdap during pregnancy increases antibody titers against diphtheria and pertussis antigens. Maternal Tdap may prevent neonatal pertussis infection.

Copyright © 2011 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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